From the Sagrada Familia Basilica in Barcelona to the famous Alhambra Palace, from the amazing creations of Gaudi to the Roman remains and archaeological sites, Spain has hundreds of historical sites and monuments throughout its territory. From great cathedrals to classical art museums, castles and fortresses, its historical and cultural heritage is incredibly rich. Let’s discover the main sites and monuments to visit in Spain.
Cathedrals, basilicas and other important religious buildings
Spain is one of the countries with the most religious buildings, mainly churches, basilicas and cathedrals, but also mosques, synagogues and remarkable monasteries. Some of them stand out and have become must-sees on any trip to Spain.
This is the case of many buildings such as the Cathedral of Seville, the fabulous Sagrada Familia in Barcelona which was recently renovated, the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, the Cathedral of Burgos registered in the World Heritage of UNESCO, the Cathedral of Palma de Mallorca in the center of the maritime promenade of Majorca, but also the Basilica of the Pilar in Zaragoza, the mosque of Cordoba, the cathedral of Granada distinguished by its large Renaissance dome combined with the Gothic style, the cathedral of Cadiz of baroque style, the Church of Santa Maria La Blanca (former synagogue transformed into a Catholic church).
Palaces, Roman remains and archaeological sites
In addition to the many religious monuments, Spain is a country with many cultural and architectural attractions. You can visit archaeological sites such as the Archaeological Park El Tomo de Minateda in Hellin, the Cave of Peña de Candamo, the Aqueduct of Los Milagros in Merida, the Roman Baths of Alange, the palm grove of Elche, the Tower of Hercules in A Coruña, the Alcazar in Seville, the Archive of the Indies in Seville, the Roman Amphitheater in Tarragona, the Walls of Lugo, the Roman Necropolis (Tarragona), the Aljaferia Palace in Zaragoza and many other architectural and historical splendors.
Spain is also known for its taste for splendor and its palaces. Among these magnificent royal buildings, we can mention the Güell Palace in Barcelona, the Episcopal Palace in Astorga, the Royal Palace in Madrid, the Laredo Palace in Alcalá de Henares, the Royal Palace of the Catholic Kings (or Testamentary Palace) in Medina del Campo and the Alhambra Palace in Granada.
A land of conquests, Spain also has more than a hundred castles and fortresses, in all its regions, to protect itself from invaders. Among them are the Alcazaba of Almeria, the Castle of San José de Guadalest perched on a huge rock, the Alcazar of Zafra, the Ramparts of Ávila, the Alcazar of the Christian Kings in Córdoba, the fortified enclosure of Tossa de Mar, the Castle of Atienza and the Castle of Eivissa on the island of Ibiza.
The most beautiful museums in Spain
With more than 1,500 museums, Spain offers its visitors a wide range of cultural sites to discover, in addition to its monuments and buildings. Among the most beautiful Spanish museums are the Picasso Museum in Malaga, the Fine Arts Museum in Valencia, the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, the Roman Theater Museum in Cartagena, the National Archaeological Museum and the Prado Museum in Madrid, the Salvador Dalí House-Museum in Portiligat, the Miro Foundation in Barcelona and the Fine Arts Museum in Seville.