1) The Colosseum
The Colosseum is certainly the most famous and visited monument of the Italian capital. Its construction began between 70 and 72. It was a great meeting place because it was possible to see gladiator fights. Considered the largest amphitheater of the Roman Empire, historians estimate that the Colosseum was able to accommodate 50,000 people. Although today it is very damaged by the various earthquakes, it is still very impressive and remains an emblem of Rome.
2) The Vatican
The Vatican is a country located in the heart of Rome. It is the smallest state in the world as well as the least populated (only 804 people in 2017). However, the Vatican is known worldwide as the seat of the papacy and the Catholic world. It is here that the Pope himself lives and where all religious life is governed. If it is a must for Catholics, it is also a place that you must discover as a tourist as its history and its Roman archaeological sites are rich. We find in particular the Basilica of St. Peter, the Sistine Chapel with the famous fresco painted on the ceiling by Michelangelo or the Vatican museums which are full of wonders.
3) The Roman Forum
Also located in the heart of the city, the Roman Forum is one of the most important archaeological sites in Rome. In ancient Rome, it was as important religiously as politically. Indeed, weddings were celebrated there, gladiator fights were organized, military parades were held and political proclamations were made. Unlike other monuments in the region, the Roman forum has always undergone modifications and has developed gradually over time. There are several other important monuments such as the Temple of Concord, the Temple of Vespasian, the Temple of Saturn and the Basilica Julia.
4) The Trevi Fountain
Considered the largest and most famous fountain in Rome, the Trevi Fountain was built between 1732 and 1762 in a baroque style. Over 26 meters high, it is very impressive to see. Moreover, it is one of the most popular monuments for tourists. There is a very famous custom which consists in throwing a coin with the right hand while being back to the fountain. This simple gesture would ensure that the person who did it would return to the city and find the coin in question. This habit was then extended to many other fountains in all the cities of the world.
5) The Pantheon of Rome
The Pantheon of Rome is the largest monument that has managed to remain almost intact despite the passage of time and the fact that it has always been used since its construction. It is a religious building that has the largest dome of all antiquity with a diameter of 43.30 meters inside. If it was used during the Renaissance as a tomb, the Pantheon of Rome is now a church that hosts all kinds of religious events.